In Bangladesh only 12 percent of the households enjoy the facility of natural gas coming to their homes through pipe lines. The lucky few mostly live in the cities. About 80 per cent of the total population of the country or about 100 million people live in rural area. This rural people are using the biomass, firewood or cow dung in a conventional way and they are just burning it in presence of air and thus it create lot of smoke in the air and which is harmful for the health, specially for children and women.
MAKS Renewable Energy Company Limited (MRECL) firmly believes that biogas technology is one of the best solutions to provide natural gas access to the largest number of rural people. Biogas is a renewable energy source and in many cases exerts a very small carbon footprint. Biogas typically refers to a mixture of different gases produced by the breakdown of organic matter in the absence of oxygen. Biogas can be produced from raw materials such as agricultural waste, cow dung, sewage, green waste or food waste.
Biogas can be produced by anaerobic digestion with anaerobic bacteria, which digest material inside a closed system, or fermentation of biodegradable materials. Biogas is primarily methane and carbon dioxide and may have small amounts of hydrogen sulphide, moisture and siloxanes.
MAKS Renewable Energy Company Limited (MRECL) has been implementing 'Domestic Biogas Program' since 2011 with financial and technical support from Infrastructure Development Company Limited (IDCOL). This program is funded by SNV, KfW and World Bank. So far MAKS Renewable Energy Company Limited (MRECL) has constructed 76 biogas plants till Dec, 2014. Through the program 2.0, 2.4, 3.2 and 4.8 cubic meter size plant constructed in rural areas. Main objective of the Biogas Program is to provide pollution free and energy efficient solution for cooking and to mitigate health hazards.